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Subject: [Scotch-Irish] 1772 - Enticements to America from Scotland & Ireland
Date: Sun, 5 May 2002 18:43:44 EDT


I was wandering through the Library of Congress on-line library and came
across this document printed in 1772 which describes the availability of
land, the fairness of the weather, and the many enticements for Scots and
Irishmen to come to America. It appears to encourage recent arrivals or
others who settled in lower states to move to New York for all the bounty
provided there! I thought it might interest you.

TO ALL
FARMERS AND TRADESMEN,
Who want good Settlements for themselves and Families, especially those
lately arrived, or that may yet come, from Scotland or Ireland.THE Province
of New-York is the most healthy Climate in America. Many Persons in it live
to 80 or 90 Years of Age; and many sickly People from the Carolinas, &c. come
to it for the Recovery of their Health. Few in it are troubled with Fever or
Ague, which prevails so much in the Southern Colonies. It is neither so
sultry hot as Maryland, Virginia or the Carolinas, nor so very cold as in St.
Johns, Halifax, &c.In several Winters the Snow lies but about 15 Inches deep
for 9 Weeks stedfastly without Rain: Thus their Wheat is well guarded from
being froze out of Ground, and the constant Snow affords an easy Carriage of
Grain to the Market at the City of Albany, and for fetching home Salt, Iron, &
c. from it.In the Counties of Albany, Tryon, Charlotte, Cumberland and
Gloucester of said Province thousands of Farms are to be sold for 6 Shillings
Sterling per Acre, and 6 Years given to pay the Money, or rented at Sixpence
Sterling per Acre, and a Lease for ever. The first 5 Years rent-free, only 2
s. 6d. Sterling Quit-Rent, either in buying or renting the Land. If it is
desired by a Number of Families, ten thousand Acres or more can be had in one
Spot.The little Hills all over the Country are a Shelter from the cold
North-West Winds. The Water is plenty, and as good as any in the World; a
fine Spaw-Well is lately found near Cambridge. The Soil is various; in some
Parts a brown or grey Loam, in others Gravel and some Sand, in others a black
Mould. It produceth Oats, Wheat, Flax, Hemp, Hay, Barley, and the best
Potatoes in America, without Manure. The Wood is Ash, Elm, Oak, Beech, and
white and yellow Pine-Trees, which last bring some 1000 Pounds to the
Settlers.Some hundreds of said Farms can be got in Cambridge and other Parts,
within 30, 20, 10 or 5 Miles of New-Perth Church and Mills, 36 Miles
North-East of Albany, where Dr. Clark began a Settlement 1766, which consists
now of about 130 Families, many of whom at their first Arrival had 4 or 5
Children, and were not worth Ten Shillings, and are now worth Hundred Pounds
free and real Estate. They got above 3000 lb. Sugar out of their Trees this
Spring. They will show the Lands to Strangers, and they usually lodge a
Stranger free, till he gets a House erected on his own Farm, which they
usually help him to build in one Day. Some Cattle and also Grain will be sold
to Strangers, on a Year's Credit, at the Mills of Perth and Cambridge.
Passengers from Scotland or Ireland had best go on board of Ships bound for
New-York; but such as arrive in Philadelphia, may ask at the Crooked Billet
Wharf; and there every Wednesday Morning they will get a Passage in Boats and
Waggons 90 Miles to New-York for 4s. 8d. Sterling each, in a Days and an
half, or less.Arriving at New-York, ask for the Honourable William Smith,
Esq; Goldsborow Banyar, Thomas Smith, Esquires, and Mr. Kelly, Attorney at
Law in the Street called Broadway, who will shew any Man the Maps of said
Lands, and agree as to the Price, which if the Stranger likes, upon viewing
the Land, he can instantly go to work upon it.The Passage to Albany is about
2s. 6d. or 3 s. Sterling; and arriving there, ask for Mr. Edward Willet,
Schoolmaster, who gives good private Lodgings, and will shew the Road to said
Lands.PHILADELPHIA: Printed by JOHN DUNLAP, at the Newest Printing-Office in
Market-Street, 1772.



Mona Sarratt Knight
"Eternal vigilance is the price of Liberty." John Philpot Curran, 1808.
"Democracy is based upon the conviction that there are extraordinary
possibilities in ordinary people." Harry Emerson





















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