QUEBEC-RESEARCH-L ArchivesArchiver > QUEBEC-RESEARCH > 2005-03 > 1112030901
Subject: Re: [Q-R] Consanguinity - requests for dispensation preserved in Catholic Chu...
Date: Mon, 28 Mar 2005 12:28:21 EST
In a message dated 3/28/2005 11:09:12 AM Eastern Standard Time,
Does anyone know if there was documentation of the requests for dispensation
in cases of close relationships between a bride and groom? My
great-grandparents, Apollinaire Dallaire and Desanges Blais, had to marry a
second time (in 1884) because they had no dispensation the first time (in
1876). They were third cousins -- their common ancestors were their
great-great-grandparents, Charles DENIS-LAPIERRE (born 28 Jun 1723) and
Marie Louise FRADET (born 26 Sep 1722) who were married 24 November 1749.
The documentation of the dispensations granted for the celebration of
marriage is to be recorded in the marriage record and on the certificates.
Consanguinity is a relationship between persons based on affiliation by
blood. It exists in the direct line, if one person is the direct ancestor of the
other; in the collateral or indirect line, if neither person is the direct
ancestor of the other, but both are descended from a common ancestor. It is
mathematically impossible for any two persons living on this planet to be
unrelated by consanguinity, since the population of the world is constantly
expanding as time progresses forward, but the number of ancestors doubles on every
Consanguinity is a diriment impediment in all degrees of the direct line.
In other words, a person cannot validly enter marriage with a direct ancestor
or a direct descendant.
Consanguinity in the collateral line during colonial times, and until the
1917 Code of Canon Law, was considered a diriment impediment up to the fourth
degree, that is GGG Grandparents; in the 1917 Code, to GG Grandparents; in the
1983 Code, to Grandparents. Until the 1983 Code, consanguinity was
multiplied not only when the parties were descended from more that one independent
common ancestor, but also when they were descended from a single common
ancestor by distinct lines of descent. Under the 1917 Code, consanguinity is
multiplied only wnen the common ancestor is muliplied.
Multiple consanguinity can occur in several ways: (a) when a man marries a
woman who is related to him by blood; (b) when to persons related to each
other (for ex. two brothers) marry two other persons who are related to each
other (for ex. two sisters); when a man successively married two sisters (or a
woman marries two brothers) and has issue by each.
There are abundant examples of multiple ancestry in the genealogies of all
Quebec colonists, particularly among the descendants of the first families:
Jean Guyon and Mathurine Robin, Zacharie Cloutier and Xainte Dupont, Abraham
Martin and Marguerite Langlois. Guillaume Couillard and Guillemette Hebert, and
others too many to name.
Fr Owen Taggart
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