ONTARIO-L ArchivesArchiver > ONTARIO > 2000-02 > 0951251621
From: Heather <>
Subject: RE: [ONT] Definition of Upper Canada and Lower Canada
Date: Tue, 22 Feb 2000 15:33:41 -0500 (EST)
There is a Harley Witney Hampshire (Hants for short)
--- Claude Smith <> wrote:
> In response to a question from Libby, who lives in
> Oregon, here is a brief
> explanation of the historical evolution of the names
> for the parts of Canada
> now called Ontario and Quebec.
> After the Treaty of Paris in 1763, British territory
> included the Colony of
> Quebec. In 1791, the Colony of Quebec was divided
> into "Upper Canada" and
> "Lower Canada". Upper Canada, basically what we call
> Ontario today, was all
> that land lying west of the Ottawa River. Lower
> Canada, basically what we
> call Quebec today, was all that land lying east of
> the Ottawa River.
> Upper Canada and Lower Canada did not go as far
> north as Ontario and Quebec
> do today. You can view a map at:
> In 1841, the Act of Union united Upper Canada and
> Lower Canada to form the
> Province of Canada. Upper Canada became Canada West.
> Lower Canada became
> Canada East.
> In 1867, the three provinces of British North
> America (i.e., Canada, Nova
> Scotia and New Brunswick) were untied in
> Confederation. The former province
> of Canada was divided into Ontario and Quebec.
> In 1870, Rupert's Land and the North-West
> Territories were purchased by the
> federal government from the Hudson Bay Company and
> officially transferred to
> Canada. Part of the purchased land was added to
> Ontario. Rupert's Land was a
> large portion of North America named after Prince
> Rupert that was granted to
> the Hudson Bay Company by Charles II of England on 2
> May 1670. The area
> covered present day Northern Quebec, Ontario north
> of the Laurentian
> watershed, all of Manitoba, most of Saskatchewan,
> Alberta and part of the
> North-West Territories.
> In 1876, the District of Keewatin was created from
> part of the North-West
> Territories. In 1881, 1889 and 1905, Ontario was
> enlarged, being given parts
> of the District of Keewatin until it all belonged to
> Looking for some obscure place in Canada? Try
> Natural Resources
> Canada/Geomatics Canada database:
> If you know the place is in Ontario, this site is
> easier to use (but not as
> There is a place called "Hartley" in Eldon Township,
> Victoria County,
> Ontario. According to the federal government, we
> don't have a place called
> "Wintley". There is a placed called "Hants" in Nova
> Scotia and there used to
> be a place called "Hants" in Alberta.
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Libby Summers [mailto:]
> Sent: February 22, 2000 10:29 AM
> Subject: [ONT] Where is Hartley Wintley, Hants
> I have just found a family member from Hartley
> Wintley, Hants. Where is
> this? And is this what it is truly named?
> Could someone define what is Upper Canada and what
> is Lower Canada in the
> late 1800's?
> Libby, Central Oregon, USA
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|RE: [ONT] Definition of Upper Canada and Lower Canada by Heather <>|