Archiver > OH-CLEVELAND-IRISH > 2004-05 > 1084824730

Subject: MERCHANT'S MAP OF 1835 -City of Cleveland, Ohio-
Date: Mon, 17 May 2004 16:12:10 EDT


click on map for higher resolution image


Although appearing seven years after Lt. Bayfield's "Sketch of the Mouth of
the Cayanoga River", Merchant's map is the first accurate published map of
Cleveland. The lithographer (lower left corner) was Nathaniel Currier, later of
Currier & Ives fame.

It shows the two-acre "in-lots" and the ten-acre "out-lots," which together
with the "hundred-acre lots," formed the original triparte plan of the
Cleaveland village surveys in 1796-7. Merchant was the County Surveyor at the time and
had performed the surveys for many of the speculative real estate
developments appearing on the west side of the river, in Ohio City (incorporated in 1836,
the year after this map was published). This map should be considered a
promotional piece for the Cleveland-Ohio City area, in an attempt to attract
property buyers and new commerce.

For more on this plan see: Edmund H. Chapman. Cleveland: village to
metropolis: a case study of problems of urban development in nineteenth-century America
. (Cleveland, OH: Western Reserve Historical Society and the Press of Western
Reserve University. 1964). Chapman is overly-harsh in holding eighteenth
century planners accountable for nineteenth century developments, but he is
valuable reading, nevertheless.

This map is discussed in my (Bill Barrow's) interpretive essay, "Real Estate"
in the second edition of the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History (1996).

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Last updated October 28, 1996

ã Copyright 1996-2002 by William C. Barrow



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