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From: Lloyd Rowsell <>
Subject: 1919-1949....NL History timeline by RICHARD DOODY...PART I of two parts 1919-1935... web links added by ilghr...NL Militia renamed the NL Regiment
Date: Thu, 3 Nov 2005 14:43:20 -0800 (PST)
PART I of Two Parts .....1919-1935
NEWFOUNDLAND & LABRADOR
A Timeline of Events from the Great War to Confederation 1919 -
by Richard Doody
1919 January 8 Opening of the Paris Peace Conference. Prime
Minister William F. LLOYD represents Newfoundland as a member of
the British delegation.
April 10 Harry HAWKER and MACKENZIE GRIEVE make the first
airplane flight in Newfoundland in a test for a transatlantic
May 10 Lieutenant Richard JANES, USN makes the first airplane
flight in Newfoundland by a native Newfoundlander.
May 16 United States Navy flying boat NC-4, piloted by
Lieutenant Commander A. C. READ, leaves Trepassey Harbour and
completes the first successful Transatlantic flight reaching
Plymouth, England two weeks later via the Azores and Lisbon.
June 5 The Newfoundland legislature passes an Aerial Mail
Service Act and the government contracts with Aircraft
Manufacturing Company, an English firm, to establish airmail,
freight and passenger service on, "such routes as maybe agreed
upon from time to time".
June 14 John ALCOCK and Arthur W. BROWN depart Lesters Field
near Saint Johns on the first nonstop transatlantic airplane
flight. Their VICKERS Vimy crash lands in a bog near Clifden,
County Galway, Ireland 16 hours and 57 minutes later. Afterwards
they deliver the first shipment of transatlantic air mail, 196
letters and one package. Alcock and Brown are award a 10,000 pound
prize by the Daily Mail and are later knighted by King George V.
1920 July Canadian MARCONI Company broadcasts voice messages to
the "SS Victorian" throughout its transatlantic voyage.
1921 April Newfoundlands fiscal year ends in budgetary deficit.
Revenues fall due to a post war slump in demand for minerals and
newsprint, encroachment on the Newfoundland fisherys traditional
markets by Scandinavian fleets operating off Iceland and subsidies
to the unprofitable Newfoundland Railway.
1922 April REID Newfoundland Company informs the Government that
it will no longer operate the countrys railway. The company later
agrees to continue operations following a massive infusion of
July 29 Station VOS broadcasts Newfoundlands first commercial
November 2 The dominions of Newfoundland and Canada request the
Judicial Committee of the Privy Council to determine, "What is the
location and definition of the boundary as between Canada and
Newfoundland on the Labrador Peninsula, under the statutes, orders
in council and proclamations?"
1923 July 1 Government of Newfoundland takes over operation the
railways from the REID Company. The $2,000,000 buyout is necessary
to facilitate construction of a pulp and paper mill at Corner
Brook on the Humber River.
1924 Newfoundland legislature repeals prohibition on sale of
alcoholic beverages introduced in 1915.
July 1 Field Marshal Sir DOUGLAS HAIG unveils the National War
Memorial in Saint Johns
September A Squadron of United States Navy seaplanes lands at
Indian Harbour, Labrador and Hawkes Bay, Newfoundland during the
first round the world airplane flight.
1924 Women age 25 and older granted voting rights for the first
February 10 Prime Minister Walter MONROE
writes Premier TASCHEREAU of Quebec
offering to sell Newfoundlands rights in Labrador for $30
March 3 Premier Taschereau declines Monroes offer to sell
Newfoundlands interests in Labrador. The Quebec leader can see no
reason to pay for what he believes already rightfully belongs to
his province and decides to take his chances with the Privy
Council resolution to the dispute.
March 4 Prime Minister MONROE proposes to sell Labrador to
Quebec for $15 million provided that Newfoundland would retain
rights to a three mile wide coastal zone for the use of fishermen.
1927 March 1 The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council rules
in favor of Newfoundland in the Labrador boundary dispute.
May 19 Italian aviator Francesco De Pinedo lands at Trepassey
following his circumnavigation of the South Atlantic in a twin
May 20 CHARLES LINDBURG flys over Saint Johns during his
nonstop flight from New York to Paris
August 28 American aviators, William BROCK and Richard SCHLEE
depart Harbour Grace on a nonstop flight to Croydon, England. [[a
suburb of LONDON]]
1928 April 13 The Bremen, piloted by Captain Herman KEOHL,
completes the first east to west transatlantic airplane flight
from Dublin, Ireland to Greenley Island.
June 17 The Friendship departs Trepassey for Southampton,
England. Passenger Amelia EARHART becomes the first woman to
complete transatlantic flight.
1930 June 25 Charles Kingsford-Smith and the crew of the
Southern Cross land at Harbour Grace from Ireland on the last leg
of a round the world trip.
1931 Newfoundland referred to as a "Dominion" (a title the
government assumed officially in 1908) in the Statue of
Westminster but requests that sections 2 -6 not be implemented
until such time as the legislature requests it which in never did.
Newfoundland never joins the League of Nations and Britain
continues to conduct Newfoundlands defense until 1940 and
external relations until Confederation with Canada.
May The Bank of Montreal informs the Newfoundland government
that it is unable to raise funds on the bond market. The public
debt reaches $100 million and interest payments are absorbing 65%
of current revenues.
June 23 American aviators, WILEY POST and Harold GATTY, stop at
Harbour Grace before departing on the transatlantic leg of their
record breaking, 8 days and 14 hours, round the world flight.
1932 February 11 Finance Minister CASHIN charges Prime Minister
Richard SQUIRES with corruption. A $5000 fee taken by SQUIRES for
his work as War Reparations Commissioner stirs public anger.
March 23 Legislature increases tariffs and reduces veterans
pensions to meet demands of the Canadian banks for fiscal
April 5 Riot damages the Colonial Building seat of Newfoundlands
Spring Imperial Oil Company (Standard Oil of New Jersey) loans
$1.75 million to Newfoundland in exchange for a monopoly on sales
of gasoline and petroleum products in the country.
June 11 The United Newfoundland Party led by Frederick Alderdice
wins 24 of the 27 legislative seats in a general election.
May 20 Amelia Earhart departs Harbour Grace in a Lockheed Vega
and lands at Londonderry, Northern Ireland the next morning
completing the first solo transatlantic flight by a woman.
Fall Newfoundland faces default once again. Canadian and British
governments agree to loan 2/3rds of the funds need to make
Newfoundlands current payments on condition that the country
agree to a British Royal Commission of Inquiry to include a
1933 February 17 Lord Amulree appointed by the British
Government to chair a Royal Commission charged with investigating
Newfoundlands government and finances. Banker, Charles Magrath,
represents Canada and Sir William Stavert, another Canadian,
represents the Government of Newfoundland.
July 12 General Italo Balbos "Armada" of 24 flying boats lands
at CARTWRIGHT, Labrador en route to the Chicago Worlds Fair.
July 12 Charles and Anne LINDBERGH arrive in Newfoundland to
begin surveying air routes for transatlantic passenger service.
August 1 General BALBOs "Armada" lands near Shoal Harbour,
Newfoundland and spends 8 days there before returning to Italy.
The squadron is visited by two Italian submarines and navy yacht
during the stay.
October 4 The Amulree Commission recommends suspension of
Responsible Government and assumption of direct responsibility for
Newfoundlands finances by Britain. Canadian government refuses to
consider further aid to Newfoundland, confederation or the
purchase of Labrador.
November The Legislature votes to accept the recommendations of
the Amulree Commission.
1934 February 16 Responsible Government suspended. A Commission
of Government appointed by and responsible to Westminster takes
over. Newfoundland reverts to the status of a Crown Colony.
Number of persons receiving relief payments averages 31,899
1935 Commission of Government establishes the Newfoundland
North Atlantic Civil Aviation agreement between Canada, United
Kingdom, Ireland and Newfoundland establishes Botwood as base for
flying boats and Gander for land based aircraft
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|1919-1949....NL History timeline by RICHARD DOODY...PART I of two parts 1919-1935... web links added by ilghr...NL Militia renamed the NL Regiment by Lloyd Rowsell <>|