Archiver > IRISH-IN-CHICAGO > 2007-02 > 1170456051

From: dan hogan <>
Subject: Re: [IRISH-IN-CHICAGO] Travel Routes & Transportation
Date: Fri, 2 Feb 2007 14:40:51 -0800 (PST)
In-Reply-To: <>

Prior to the 1860's, travel East of the MS River was
primarily by waterways, rivers/canals/lakes.
The transcontinental RR had only made it half way
through MO by the Civil War.
My Hogans/Mullallys ended up in Chicago via St. Louis
and PA.
Many Irish disembarking in Canada came across Lake
Erie to PA to work in the newly discovered oil fields
around Oil City, PA. Many people forget that oil was
widely used prior to the invention of the gas engine
as a lubricant.
One way to trace immigrants is to look "backward"
across a map from where they ended up for clues.
For example if you trace a line from Chicago to Oil
City PA, and continue, you end up roughly at the port
of Philidelphia.
If you find traces of ancestors in up-state NY like
many Irish in the Troy/Schcenetady area, they most
likely sailed up the Hudson from NY City.

Dan Hogan

--- Lucy <> wrote:

> I have a jpeg map showing travel routes from the
> east to Wisconsin in
> 1854. Email me if you want me to send you a copy.
> By the mid 1830s settlers were on their way to
> Milwaukee and
> environs. My County Cork Irish came from
> Massachusetts and the
> routing was Albany, NY, Buffalo, NY, across Lake
> Erie, overland
> through Michigan, and around the bottom of Lake
> Michigan to Chicago.
> Another routing was by the Great Lakes, once on Lake
> Erie. This would
> have taken much longer. By the 1840s there were
> steamboats that made
> regular stops at Detroit, Mackinac, Sheboygan and on
> to Milwaukee,
> eventually to Chicago. Wisconsin was a territory
> then. Land was cheap
> and economic conditions in Massachusetts for the
> Irish were poor.
> I have Canadians who arrived in Chicago in the
> 1880s. Their ancestors
> came to (Upper Canada) Ontario in 1830. They came to
> Chicago for
> work. Chicago was going through a great economic
> boom at that time
> and the Canadian economy was depressed. By that time
> travel was by
> train the whole way.
> If you know where your ancestors were and when they
> came to Chicago
> you will often find an economic reason. Many Irish
> settled the near
> southwest side of the city because of the building
> of the Illinois
> and Michigan canal. Depressions occurred often in
> the late 1800s.
> Once thriving businesses like the mills in New
> England closed. There
> was a huge building boom after the Chicago Fire.
> It is helpful to know the history.

Dan Hogan

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