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From: dan hogan <>
Subject: [IRISH-IN-CHICAGO] Fwd: DNA evidence proves most Irish of ancientEuro people
Date: Mon, 29 Jan 2007 13:01:43 -0800 (PST)


>From the Irish American list:

> Several recent studies involving DNA indicate that
> the vast majority of Irish descend on both the male
> and female lines from the ancient inhabitants of
> Western Europe who moved into Scotland and Northern
> Ireland after the glaciers began to melt about
> 12,000 years ago.
>
> The first study conducted by Sykes of Oxford
> University in Great Britain about 1980 found seven
> separate locations for varying types of
> mitochondrial DNA which is only transmitted through
> the maternal line forming the basis of his book "The
> Seven Daughters of Eve". DNA also proves that all
> living homo sapiens descend form one original mother
> whom scientists call Eve from the Book of Genesis.
> The Irish inhabitants appear to be predominantly
> from two groups, the first being in the Iberian
> Peninsula probably the ancestors of modern day
> Basques, and the second being centered in Northern
> Italy and Southern France but havind settled there
> from Syria in the Middle East quite a bit later than
> the arrival of the first mesolithic hunting and food
> gathering culture who had previously crossed over
> from Western Norway into Scotland and Ireland.
>
> The second study conducted by Underwood of
> Standford University was done on Y chromosome DNA
> samples which are only passed down in the male line
> and identifies three separate locations for varying
> types of male DNA, one in the Iberian Peninsula, one
> in the the Balkan Peninsula, and one in the Ukraine
> region near the Black Sea. These three groups were
> separated from an inoriginal homogeneous population
> in Europe at the time of the Ice Age. The findings
> indicate that almost all modern day Irish descend
> from the ancient inhabitants of Spain who began to
> move northward as the glaciers began to melt, and
> spread into Norway, Scotland and Ireland in
> agreement with Sykes' findings. The area of Ireland
> with this type of DNA is in Galway where I believe
> it is roughly 98% prevalent. The areas with the
> most diversity are the Ulster and Leinster regions
> where there was substantial settlement from Britain.
> Still, the incidence of the earlier type is about
> 95% I believe.
>
> The group originating in the Ukraine area in both
> studies corresponds to the European ancestors of the
> kurgan culture which Marija Gimbutas formerly on the
> faculty of the University of California at Los
> Angeles identifies as being influenced by groups
> from southern Asia, the Ural Mountains region of
> Russia who became the Finno-Ugric culture, Semitic
> peoples who probably came from Iran, and others from
> the Caucasus region, all forming into the so-called
> Indo-European culture of which the early Celts
> belong.
>
> I more recent study using Y chromosome DNA has
> found that a disproportionately high percentage of
> Irish males in the Ui Neill areas particularly in
> Ulster trace back to a single 5th century ancestor
> whom it has been suggested was the Ard Ri Niall of
> the Nine Hostages. I would guess that if these
> findings are accurate, that Niall was descended
> paternally from the ancient mesolithic inhabitants
> of Ireland as are the vast majority of Irish males
> today. Although the genealogy of Niall points to a
> Gaelic Indo-European origin, it is likely that, as
> Gibbon suggests with regard to the English nobility,
> at some point in Niall's family tree there was
> illegitamacy of parentage which of course is
> incapable of proof.
>
>
> Michael O'Hearn

Dan Hogan



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