Archiver > IRISH-IN-CHICAGO > 2006-09 > 1157662518

From: "Boydstun" <>
Subject: Re: [IRISH-IN-CHICAGO] Co. Mayo representation in Chicago
Date: Thu, 7 Sep 2006 15:55:18 -0500
References: <>

Thanks again Tom for your detailed research about the Irish in Chicago, and
your willingness to share. It is so helpful.

Alice Lynne

----- Original Message -----
From: <>
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Sent: Wednesday, September 06, 2006 9:40 PM
Subject: [IRISH-IN-CHICAGO] Co. Mayo representation in Chicago

> County Mayo had the largest concentration of emigrants in the Holy Name
> (Cathedral) parish on the northside of Chicago, far out of proportion to
> their representation elsewhere in the city. The parish's marriage records
> for the period 1908-1913 reveal that 36% of the parties involved were born
> in Co. Mayo, and the percentage of Chicago Daily News funeral notices
> reveals 46% of the Holy Name parish decedants were from Mayo. Mayo people
> were also the leading county group in Immaculate Conception and Our Lady
> of Mt. Carmel on Belmont ave.
> They were less prevalent west of the Chicago River on the northside. For
> instance, Annunciation parish's largest group were Clare immigrants who
> took employment in the North Chicago Rolling Mills early in the city's
> history. In St. Stephen's parish south of Goose Island founded in 1869,
> it was Kerry immigrants that made up the leading class as a percentage.
> And this group was also well represented in the parish of St.
> Columbkille's just west of St. Stephen's boundaries.
> Of County Mayo parishes and towns, Crossmolina, Kilmeena, Killedan,
> Killasser, Islandeady, Knock, Ballintubber, Aghagower, Louisburgh and
> Glenisland were noteworthy for the number of people that came to Chicago,
> along with the Unions of Westport, Castlebar and Newport.
> The Chicago Citizen commented about the frequency of Mayo people in the
> city in its edition of 10 February 1894:
> "Mayo people and their descendants simply swarm in Chicago. They
> originally abounded on the northside section still called "Mayo," but they
> are now omnipresent and not only with regard to locality, but to nearly
> every rank and profession including Judge Dick Prendergast, Judge Tom
> Moran, Richard Hooley, the father of John M. Smyth, the furniture
> merchant, "Bad Jimmy" Connerton, Mike McGurn, the parents of John P.
> Barrett, city electrician....and also the paternal relatives of Mayor John
> P. Hopkins.
> An army of 42,368 emigrants steamed out of Mayo during the decade
> 1881-1891, the greatest exodus since the famine decade. Back rents, bad
> crops and general hard times were the prongs that drove the people out.
> Among other distinguished Chicagoans who were born in Mayo or whose
> fathers were, may be mentioned ex-Alderman John and Michael Sweeney,
> Thomas McCormick, Coroner McHale, Thomas H. Cannon, High Secretary of the
> Catholic Order of Foresters, and the late Col. James A. Mulligan, and Ald.
> J. J. McCormick...."
> Co. Clare immigrants, the fourth largest county group in the city, were
> concentrated primarily in three parishes--Annunciation (29%), Sacred Heart
> (27%) and St. Bridget's (24%). Here fully one third of the total Clare
> population lived, representing, the north, west, and southsides
> respectively. Of Co. Clare districts, the greatest emigration was
> observed from the districts of Carrigaholt, and Kilrush.
> Similarly, in the parishes of Holy Angels and St. Thomas which were
> located in the adjacent neighborhoods of Oakwood and Hyde Park, County
> Tipperary origins seemed to be slightly more prevalent here than elsewhere
> in the city. When one examines the parish records of St. Thomas,
> Tipperary seems to be the largest county group represented. From this
> county large scale emigration to Chicago occurred out of the districts of
> Nenagh, Newport, Thurles, Emly and Clonmel.
> The sixth largest county group being those from Co. Cork were evenly
> distributed as a group throughout the city with no discernible pattern.
> Cork emigrants tended to be from the districts around Mitchellstown, Cork
> City, and Charleville.
> People from Wexford, however; were predominantly northsiders according to
> the Chicago Daily News funeral notices. They were the second most
> predominant county in the parishes of St. Stephen's, Immaculate
> Conception, and also in Mt. Carmel, all northside parishes. They were
> also the second largest county group in St. Jarlath's on the westside
> which was founded in 1869. Of Wexford emigration, New Ross Union provided
> the most emigrants, followed by Enniscorthy.
> Immigration and Settlement after 1871
> [from Chicago Irish Families 1875-1925,, 1993]
> --Tom Cook
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