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From: Bonnie <>
Subject: [Irish in Chicago] A Tidbit from Chicago Tribune
Date: Mon, 22 Mar 2004 12:55:53 -0500


Just an interesting tidbit from last Sunday's Chicago Tribune
Magazine that may give some insight into your ancestor's
lives and deaths:

Headline: 90,000

Subhead: Number of Chicagoans who died of typhoid fever
and cholera in 1885 after six inches of rain in one day caused
tons of raw sewage to flow into Lake Michigan drinking water.

Body: Typhoid was a perennial 19th Century woe;
no less than Stephen A. Douglas died of it. An outbreak
in 1890 led Daniel Burnham to import pure water from a
Wisconsin spring via a 101-mile gravity pipeline for the
1893 Columbian Exposition and sparked the huge project
in 1900 that reversed the Chicago River's flow and kept
sewage from draining into the lake. In 1912, Chicago
began chlorinating its drinking water, going from No. 2
in typhoid among U.S. cities to dead last.

end


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