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From: "Gary Wiltscheck" <>
Subject: Re: [GERMAN-BOHEMIAN] Bohemian-Bavarian Historic time table
Date: Sat, 19 Aug 2006 20:44:23 -0500
References: <000901c6c3f1$22d38520$6500a8c0@boots>


Yes, I agree, it's good to see this translation of early Bavarian & Bohemian
history.
With your okay Aida, I'll print this in a future Heimatbrief.
Good job Aida!
Gary Wiltscheck
GBHS Heimatbrief editor




----- Original Message -----
From: "Frank Soural" <>
To: <>
Sent: Saturday, August 19, 2006 7:39 PM
Subject: RE: [GERMAN-BOHEMIAN] Bohemian-Bavarian Historic time table


> Das ist gut.
> and should be published
> Send it to Paul and Gary.
>
> Frank
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Aida Kraus [mailto:]
> Sent: Saturday, August 19, 2006 6:04 PM
> To:
> Subject: [GERMAN-BOHEMIAN] Bohemian-Bavarian Historic time table
>
> It is not easy to find the early history of Bavaria and Bohemia settled by
> Germanic tribes on any of the available English websites. Therefore, I
> have translated this for you from this German website. Aida
>
> http://www.mittgard.de/archiv/index_02.html
>
> Germanic Time Table including Bohemia:
>
>
>
> 113 BC The Cimbrians (a German tribe from Jutland - now Denmark)
> wandered
> south along the Elbe River into the area of the native Celts of Bohemia,
> disbursing them towards the Salzburg area.
>
>
>
> 9 BC Marbod and his Marcoman tribe arrives from the area of the Main in
> Bohemia and founded the Kingdom of the Langobards combining with the
> Germanic Lugier, Semnones and Bojers (native Germans of Bohemia)
>
>
>
> 1 Century AD: along the lower and middle Elbe River the area experiences
> severe climatic changes and the increasing cold in the Northland drives
> German tribes upwards the Elbe River into Bohemia. It is the same
> climatic
> change that drove the Cimbrians South 114 years before.
>
>
>
> 166 AD: Because of increased influx of tribes coming from the North to a
> milder climate South, the Marcomans are forced to ask the Romans for
> additional land. That request was rebuked.
>
>
>
> 166-180 AD The Markoman go to war with Rome, lost the battle and nearly
> became a province of Rome called "Markomannia." Emperor Marcus Aurelius
> dies during the battle in Bohemia of pestilence which the Roman
> Legionnaires
> brought with them; his son Commodus is forced to leave as his troops are
> decimated and the old borders are reestablished.
>
>
>
> 179 A.D. A new Roman garrison is built at Castra Regina (Regensburg,
> later
> Ratisbon) and becomes the most important settlement in the North of the
> Roman border on the Danube.
>
>
>
> 2. to 5th Century AD: the Markoman tribe wanders West and settles in the
> area around Strakonitz where they produce a distinct ceramic art. There,
> archeological digs found that the Marcomans still burned their dead, while
> other tribes are building cemeteries with side by side graves. The
> Marcoman
> tribe of the Strakonitz culture become the first Bajuvaren = Bavarians
> (people from Bohemia or Boii).
>
>
>
> 350 AD: Marcomanni, now are called Bajuvaren, settled around
> Friedenshein (now Prestovice in Czech) move into the Roman Federation of
> Regensburg and are settling the land along the rivers Regnitz and Main.
> There they mingle quickly with the German tribes of the Quaden, Sueben,
> Rugier and some of the Roman occupants. The Bajuwarian Dukes Agilolfinger
> were similar to the Langobards, intermarrying they become the ruling
> nobles.
>
>
>
> 400 AD: As the Romans abandoned Regensburg, it became the seat of the
> Friedenshein (Strakonitz) Bohemian Federation.
>
>
>
> 476 AD: Rome eliminated payment to the Federation and the tribe leaves
> the
> Citadel and settles in the countryside along the Danube to live from
> agriculture as in the past. This area is now called Raetia.
>
>
>
> 493 AD: The land Raetien comes under the leadership of the Eastern Goths
> under Theodoric. (The Goths originate in Gotland, now Sweden, who had
> wandered and settled over many centuries along the Volga from the Baltic
> to the Black Sea. People of the Southern Ukraine still spoke Gothic until
> the 17 century.) Theodoric forms a Bajuvarian Federation.
>
>
>
> 496 AD: As Germanic tribes fight for land among themselves, the Alamanni
> flee from the Franks and find a new home in the Bajuvarian Federation.
>
>
>
> 508-537 AD: Duke Theodo I. forms a coalition among the tribes of the
> German
> Franks, Vandals, Langobards and as well as Awars and Huns from the East to
> drive the Romans back across the Alps. They establish Germanic
> cult-altars
> at Epolding (Munich area) Bavaria.
>
>
>
> 520 AD: Duke Theodo I. drives the Romans out of Oetting.
>
>
>
> 5.- 6. Century: Carinthia has been taken by Slavic tribes. (Carinthia
> "Kaernten" is a Province of Austria of which the Southern part is now
> Croatia, formerly Yugoslavia). The Bajuwars occupy the land and drive the
> Slaves out of Carinthia.
>
>
>
> 531-536 AD: The Franks triumph over the Thuringians and with this the
> Bajuwarian Agilogfingers become the rulers for the Realm of the Franks.
> Regensburg becomes their royal administrative seat and from there the
> first
> attempts for Christianizing are made.
>
>
>
> 536 AD: The rule of the Eastern Goths under King Witigis ends when he
> abdicates and leaves his realm to the Frankish King Theudebert in the hope
> that the Franks would refrain from warring against the East-Roman Emperero
> Justinian I. while the Bajuwars held a strong position in the federation.
> This can be seen by their refusal to war against the Slavic King Samo.
>
>
>
> 526-568 AD: The Bajuwars spread out over the entire area of Pannonia
> (Austria) and upper Italy under Duke Udo.
>
>
>
> 565 AD: there is a written recording by Venantius Fortunatus, the Bishop
> at
> Poitiers, locating the Bajuwars in the area of the Lech River in upper
> Italy.
>
>
>
> 566-567 AD: Reign of Duke Theobald
>
>
>
> 567-580 AD: Reign of Duke Garibald I
>
>
>
> 568 AD: The Langobards settle in the area of upper Italy; the Bajuwars
> become strategic border enforcers against the Awars in the Hungarian
> lowlands.
>
>
>
> 575-588 AD: The Franks start warring with the Langobards. The Bajuwar
> Garibald, however, fights on the side of the Langobards because both of
> his
> daughters are married to two Langobard royals, King Evin or Trient, and
> King
> Authari of the Langobard realm.
>
>
>
> 580-598 AD: King Tassilo I. leads many skirmishes and is killed fighting
> against the invading Czechs pressing towards the West.
>
>
>
> 598-630 AD: Duke Garibald II follows his father and continues the war
> against the infiltration of the Czechs. The Frankish Arnulfingers have
> Duke
> Garibald II assassinated.
>
>
>
> 630-641 AD: Duke Fara, the son of Garibald II takes over the Dukedom and
> he rebels against the Franks who killed his father. He is supported by
> the
> Duke Radolf of Thuringia. Duke Fara dies on the battlefield against the
> Frankish King Sigisbert III.
>
>
>
> 640-680 AD: Duke Theodo IV gave shelter to the Frankish Missionary Bishop
> Emmeram at his castle in Regensburg. He thanked the Duke by making his
> daughter pregnant and promptly disappearing on a pilgrimage to Rome.
> Landpert, the son of Theodo pursued and killed him. The Church, however,
> proclaimed Emmeram a Saint.
>
>
>
> 688 AD: Landpert takes over the realm.
>
>
>
> 700 AD: Destruction of the old Bajuvarian cult-altars of Epolding while
> a
> new church built of stone is erected over the site.
>
>
>
> 714 AD: The Bajuvarian Realm is split among the four grandchildren of
> Duke
> Theo V. who was the grandson of duke Garibald II.
>
>
>
> 719 AD: Tassilo II dies without issue.
>
>
>
> 719- 725 AD: Tassilo's brother Theudebert is taking over and marries his
> daughter Swanahild with Karl Martell, a Frank. (Here we are going into
> Charlemagne's line!)
>
> His other daughter is married to the Langobard King Luitprand.
>
>
>
> 725-739 AD: Theudebert's early death brings his under-age son Hugberth
> into
> line and this gives Karl Martell an advantage. He arranged that Hugberth
> would be forced by the Frankish King Theuderich IV to call on Bonifacius
> to
> convert his entire Bavarian realm to Catholocism.
>
>
>
> 739-749 AD: Duke Odilo marries Hiltrud, the daughter of Karl Martell. He
> firmly establishes the church in various dioceses. In return a document
> is
> issued to assure the legal rights of a Bavarian Realm.
>
>
>
> 742-743 AD: This document brought him into conflict with Karloman and
> Pippin and he had to write it over into the Frankish Realm, and for this
> he
> was awarded a Bavarian Dukedom.
>
>
>
> 749-788 AD: Tassilo III. (son of Odilo and Hiltrud) is a cousin of
> Charlemagne and when he becomes Duke of Bavaria he marries Luitbirga, the
> daughter of King Desiderium of the Lombards, who is an enemy of
> Charlemagne.
>
>
>
> 763 AD: Tassilo III denies to join Charlemagne's in his war against
> Aquitaine.
>
>
>
> 774 AD: Charlemagne conquers Lombardy. By that, Tassilo lost his
> staunchest
> supporter.
>
>
>
> 787 AD: Tassilo III forms an alliance with the Awars against Charlemagne,
> loses this fight and becomes a vassal of Charlemagne.
>
>
>
> 788 AD: Tassilo III is convicted by for treason, for which there is a
> death
> sentence, but leniency is granted him to live out the rest of his life in
> a
> monastery. With this the Agilolfingers have lost ruling power in
> Bavaria,
> but the family continued to exist as Bavarian Dukes until the Middle ages
> with legal standing.
>
>
>
> 791-793 AD: Charlemagne spends a Winter in Regensburg to personally
> oversee
> the process in incorporating all Bavarian lands in the Frankish realm.
>
>
>
> 794 AD: Tassilo III is brought from the cloister to Regensburg, to set
> his
> signature under the document that signs his land over to the Frankish
> realm.
>
>
> (The heartland of German Frankonia is - however - a part of the State of
> Bavaria now!)
>
>
>
> 814 AD: Charlemagne's death leads to documentation whereby a Carolingian
> ownership of certain Bavarian areas are established. The oldest Lothar,
> son
> of "Ludwig der Fromme" (Louis the German), becomes King of Bavaria. He
> is
> the grandson of Charlemagne, thereby the land goes from Bavarian to
> Carolingian hands.
>
>
>
> 817 AD: When the realm of Charlemagne is split up, the Bavarian and
> Bohemian lands go to Louis the German.
>
>
>
> 845 AD: 14 Slavic Bohemian leaders arrive at Regensburg to be baptized.
>
>
>
>
>
>
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