Archiver > GERMAN-BOHEMIAN > 2006-08 > 1155415310

From: Lynn <>
Subject: Re: [GERMAN-BOHEMIAN] Cottager
Date: Sat, 12 Aug 2006 13:41:50 -0700
References: <003601c6be0b$e9afad40$9a862d18@lid8nusctmawqw> <001001c6be22$5759db70$6401a8c0@Upstairs>
In-Reply-To: <001001c6be22$5759db70$6401a8c0@Upstairs>

My researcher reported that my family in Western Bohemia were
"cottagers" in the 19th century,and said it meant they had a small house
and some land, but not enough to farm on.

I just resently found them in the Berni Rula and they were listed as
"Sedlak" - is that farmer?


Aida Kraus wrote:

> Cottagers are listed in the Berni Rula, and since only property owners
> are listed there, the answer is yes, and so are Häuslers but they did
> not have a working farm and most of the time they worked from their
> homes as weavers, shoemakers, tailors, in other words in a "service"
> craft for the village. Bauern oder Halb Bauern were living from the
> products of their farms and had more acreage. Some of the farmers were
> "Frei-Bauern" meaning that they were tax exempt for a service to the
> Crown, like as border guards. Häuslers had smaller land holdings
> around the house but owned at least a potato, cabbage and oat field
> around the village. The Cottager had only a small plot around his
> house and was most likely employed elsewhere. They were all propertied
> and paid taxes on their real estate, therefore, they were written up in
> the census of 1651 called the Berni Rula.
> Aida
> --------------------------------------------------------------------------
> ----- Original Message ----- From: "lilass" <>
> To: <>
> Sent: Saturday, August 12, 2006 5:36 AM
> Subject: [GERMAN-BOHEMIAN] Cottager
>> Can anyone tell me what the term Cottager means-was he a land owner?
>> Thank you. Rose

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