GAPICKEN-L ArchivesArchiver > GAPICKEN > 2006-11 > 1164656237
Subject: [GAPICKEN] More about WHITEE MEN Who Married CHEROKEE WOMEN
Date: 27 Nov 2006 12:37:17 -0700
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Surnames: ROGERS,COLLLINS,BLACKBURN,DAVIS,BICKERY,PALMOUR,LANDRUM,MAYES,HARLIN,HARNAGE,ALBERTY,RALSTON,BELLLEDBETTER,RAGSDALE,WHITMIRE,MOSLEY,WOFFORD,SATTERFIELD,HENSON,KEATON,KELL,TOWERS,PARKS,LYNCH,LANGLEY,HUBBARD,BENGE,WEST,HUDSON,GOSS,THOMPSON, TIMPSON,FEW
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Someone asked me about references.
I found some of my information from a book called WHITES AMONG THE CHEROKEES--Georgia 1828-1838 written by Mary B. Warren--Call # 929.3758 W in the Morrow GA Archives just outside of Atlanta. Another book is which I found information was CHEROKEE PLANTERS IN GEORGIA 1832-1838
Historical Essays on 11 Counties in the Cherokee Nation of GA by Don L. Shadburn --Pioneer-Cherokee Heritage Series Vol 2 1989.--see information further down.
You asked about the Bell family.
JOHN MARTIN BELLb. 15 Dec 1839 in GA d. 12 Apr 1863, son of David Bell & Nancy Martin. John Martin Bell m. 20 Jan 1859 in possibly Indian Terrilory,SARAH CAROLINE HARNAGE b. 15 Dec 1839 Muldrow ,Sequoyah Distirict Cherokee Nation I.T. OK d. 26 Apr 1886 m. 20 Jan 1859 in possibly Indian Territory. ThEY HAD THE FOLLOWING CHILD- no doubt other children but I have only 1 listed--go to
1. JOHN MARTIN BELL JR. b. 28 Oct 1859 Mount Tabor Indian community, Kilgore, Rusk Co. TEXAS d. 13 May 1941 Muskogee Co. OK m. 17 June 1879 Saline Cherokee Nation, IT. MINNIE CHEROKEE MCCOY b. 20 Feb 1861 in Fort Gibson, Cherokee District, Indian Territory d. 21 Dec 1938 in Tulsa Co. OK, daughter of John McCoy & Lucy Adair.
Book--Cherokee Planters in Georgia 1832-1838
Historical Essays on 11 Counties in the Cherokee Nation of GA by Don L. Shadburn --Pioneer-Cherokee Heritage Series Vol 2 1989.
Shows a picture of Major Ridge, a Cherokee planter and slaveholder, lived on the Oostanaula River in Floyd County. For role as a leader of the Treaty Party, he was fatally shot from ambush on 22 June 1839. ((Bev's comment--My notes said he spent the night at Ambrose Harnage's house the night before he was killed.)
Craig xeroxed off the pages that dealt with Ambrose Harnage.
p.7 The Cherokee Indians: A Nation Divided
Although it was impractical to try to govern a county of almost 7,000 square miles, this legislation was designed as a 2nd step in establishing all branches of state government in the Cherokee country. Following this action, the 1st election for county officers and the 1st courts were held at the home of AMBROSE HARNAGE in February & March of 1832. HARNAGE, an Indian countryman & slaveholder, lived on Long Swamp Creek on the south side of the Federal Road, an area annexted to Gwinnett County in 1830.
In 1832, through the initiative of Jacob M. Scudder (1788-1870) first State Senator of Cherokee County, a bill was introduced in the General Assembly which subdivided Cherokee into 10 county units, namely: Cass (later Bartow), Cherokee, Cobb, Floyd, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin, Murray, Paulding & Union, collectively forming the Cherokee Judicial Circuit. By this date the lottery wheels were turning at Milledgeville, & would continue until the spring of 1833, followed in December by a separate lottery for the fractional lots in several county districts.
When the lottery drawings were concluded at the state capital, Georgia lawmakers next showed their determination to dispossess Cherokee native of their land and improvements & to restrict their right in the Cherokee County courts through additional laws. A sweeping law relating to the Cherokee Indians was enacted December 20, 1833 with several provisions: (1) Cherokees or white men as head of Indian families were restrained from hiring a white man or a slave belonging to a white man; (2) no contract made between an Indian & a white man would be binding unless confirmed by the testimony of 2 respectable witnesses; (3) no Indian or white man with Indian privileges would be allowed to claim more than 160 acres of land or 3 40-acre lots; and (4) the governor was authorized to issue grants for all lots upon application of the drawer or their representative.
This act more or less superseded an act passed in 1832, ostensibly designed to protect the Cherokee Indians "in the peaceable & quiet possession of the lands secured to them by the existing laws of the state." In the opening section of this law, 10 men would be appointed in the Cherokee counties with "full & complete power to protect each & every Indian
p. 17 Mitchell Sanders, a Virginian, who married Susannah, a full-blood (Bev's comments--they were parents of Nancy "Nannie" Sanders Harlan
Of a later generation, in the first decade of the 19th century, one finds among the INTERMARRIED WHITE MEN such names as John Rogers, Parker Collins, Lewis Blackburn, Daniel Davis, Henry Vickery, Silas Palmour, James Landrum, Samuel Mayes, George Harlin, AMBROSE HARNAGE, Moses Alberty, Lewis Ralston, John Bell, Robert Rogers, Enoch Rogers, Daniel Ledbetter, Isaac Ragsdale, Stephen Whitmire, John Mosley, Nathan Wofford, John Satterfield, Richard Henson, Joseph Keaton, Alexander Kell, Jeremiah C. Towers, Samuel Parks, Jeter Lynch, John Langley, Lock Langley, Uriah Hubbard, Robert Benge, Jacob West, Alfred H. Hudson, Benjamin Goss, John Thompson & Benjamin F. Thompson.
Not only were their mixed-blood progeny responsible for changing the complexion of Cherokee society, but they or their descendants in years ahead would be accountable, in a large measure, for negotiating a treaty of cession with United States commissioners.
Living on Shoal Creek at this time were Elizabeth Ragsdale (mixed-blood), Eckawcha, James Timson, Jenny Harnidge (HARNAGE), Forekiller (Four Killer), Thomas Forekiller (Four Killer), Kishikon, Adam or Artowa, Benjamin Ragsdale, Eleanor Ragsdale, Sally HARNIDGE, & Ignatius A. Few (white man married to Susie Ragsdale, a mixed-blood.
Several mixed-blood members of the Ragsdale, HARNAGE, Timpson & Few families were living on Shoal Creek in the 1830s.
Eleanor Ragsdale, or Nellie HARNAGE, wife of John Ragsdale--she owned 63 acres of cleared land, mostly upland under fence
Sally HARNAGE, possibly Sally Harlin, wife of JACOB HARNAGE Jr. lived in a split-log house, in addition, she reported a pole crib, 20 acres of cleared land, 4 acres in another field, & a few fruit trees
James Timpson, mixed-blood son of Benjamin Timpson, claimed improvements assessed at $126.75. In addition to his house (worth $30), he owned a crib, a lot of 1 1/2 acres fenced around the house, 7 acres of creek bottomland, a springhouse, & 75 rails in a lot.
Jenny HARNAGE--probably Jenny Timpson, wife of JACOB HARNAGE, lived near James Timpson & owned improvements valued for $775.50. Her 41 acre farm included these recordings: a dwelling house of hewed logs, a house of split logs, a round log house, a log smokehouse, a corncrib of round poles, a stable of round logs, & an orchard of peach trees.
The original Taloney Town was found east of Taloney Creek on the road to Ellijay (District 12), at today's Whitestone community. This settlement no doubt existed before the American Revolution, for evidence suggests that a mixed-blood family headed by Mitchell Sanders (father of Nancy Sanders, a Virginian, settled in the area as early as 1773, giving rise to the alternate name of Sanderstown. Sander's Cherokee wife, Susannah( b. ca. 1749), of the Bird Clan, still lived on Talking Rock Creek in the mide-1820s.
Many of the more prosperous mixed-bloods (as well as a few full-blood natives) lived on the streams in lower Gilmer, now Pickens County, mainly along Talking Rock & Seare Corn creeks. Foremost among these native farmers were the families of Alberty, Pritchett, & Sanders. The Albertys--Johnson, Aggy, Sally & Moses--were the children and wife of Jacob Alberty who married to Agnes (Aggy) Sanders, 7th of 8 half-blood children of Mitchell & Susannah Sanders. Their improvements at Talking Rock, recorded by agents Worley & & Yancey, were given a market value of $608.50
Nearby, & beyond John Knockerman's house, were the Pritchetts, shown on the 1835 census as full-bloods & half-bloods, who had marital ties to the Sanders clan, Dick Pritchett, a neighbor to Sittingdown Bear & Six Killer, had made considerable improvements near the creek.
Appendix I Cherokee Emigrants to Arkansas 1831-32
In a treaty made with the Arkansas Cherokees on May 6, 1828, sometimes called the "Sequoyah Treaty," chiefs & headmen west of the Mississippi relinquished their claim to Arkansas lands in exchange for 7 million acres west of a new Arkansas boundary--thereafter commonly designated as Indian Territory. The territory thus surrendered by terms of the treaty had been guaranteed to the Cherokees under the treaties of July 8, 1817 and February 27, 1819.
Among the several provisions of the treaty, Article 8 encouraged Eastern Cherokees to emigrate beyond the Mississippi by offering each Cherokee family head a rifle, a kettle, 5 lbs of tobacco & a blanket for each member of the family. The United States also promised to pay all expenses attending their removal (transportation & rations) and 1 year's subsistence after settling in the new territory. The improvements claimed by Eastern emigrants would be valuated under the treaty & claimants duly paid by the government. Over the next 4 years several hundred Cherokee families emigrated from the Cherokee Nation East to make another home on land that, according to the preamble to the treaty, would "never in all future time . . . be pressed upon by the extension. . . of any existing Territory or State."
Cherokee & white men with Indian families who enrolled for emigration 1831-32, just prior to the creation of the Cherokee counties of Georgia, were paid for detailed assessments of their improvements. The principal enrolling agents were James M.C. Montgomery, Jacob M. Scudder, William M. Davis, Moses Parris (a mixed-blood), & Benjamin F. Currey, Superintendent of Cherokee Removal. Although many agreed to surrender their title to land & improvements in the East, some claimants either abandoned the boats while en-route to the Indian nation or later returned to their former haunts after receiving payment for their valuations.
The following records carry the names of individuals of family heads who enrolled during the period of December 20, 1821 to June 1832, taken from microfilm copy of the book of enrollment in National Archives Record Group 75.
#27-- George W. & William HARNAGE (sons of AMBROSE HARNAGE) The Harnage brothers claimed a large number of improvements in several counties in Georgia--Long Swamp Creek (Cherokee County--large 2 story framed building--goes on to describe the house--smoke house, stables, cellar, 3 Negro cabins, blacksmith shop, 3 other old houses, a hen house, potato house, gardens, 12 acres of land at $5, 14 acres at $6, 2 acres of low ground at $7 per acre, 10 1/2 more acres, 50 acres in 2 fields up the river from the house, 40 more acres, peach trees, shoemaker's shop, bark mill, bark shed, house for finishing & dressing leather, small stable gate & lime house etc. More land other places--goes on and on.