ESSEX-UK-L ArchivesArchiver > ESSEX-UK > 1998-02 > 0887355081
From: Sally <>
Subject: Re: ESSEX-UK-D Digest V98 #37
Date: Thu, 12 Feb 1998 23:31:21 -0800
> Subject: Crusades
> Date: Thu, 12 Feb 1998 08:27:02 -0600
> From: "Don Timmerberg" <>
> To: <>
> I have an ancestor who is described as a standard bearer for Richard I in
> or at the time of the Crusades. Will someone interpet that for me? Does
> that mean that he specifically carried a flag or banner or is it a more
> general term? Is there a web site for the Crusades? At that time does the
> title "Sir" mean that the bearer is a Knight or could it also be used for
> an Earl? Is there somewher a listing of Knights of England?
> Any info that you think relevant would be appreciated. Don Timmerberg
> Thank you
> Ballwin, MO, USA
> Don, you are lucky that I am married to "Mr. Medieval History".
A standard bearer at the time of Richard I would carry what we would call the
battle flag - it was the flag they followed into battle and it served as a
rallying point for soldiers and also a way to track where their compatriots
were on the battlefield if they got separated.
The title of Sir only refers to a knight.
You may want to check ou The DIctionary of Chivalry by Grant Uden.
There are so many knights over the years that there are different books listing
the knights of different periods. One book we've seen recently is "England In
The Crusades" and in the back is a list of knights who fought in the Crusades.
Check your local libarary or check for interlibrary loan.
Can I also suggest for people looking for such general history resources that
they visit the nearest University Libarary. The study of history is a
usual course at universities and you may find what you are looking for at
the university. I don't know about Missouri, but Ohio has a web site
called OhioLink that allows a search of all the state's universities
collections. And generally as a taxpayer you have the right to use the
library and even borrow from its collection.
Researching: Chrisman in Pennsylvania and Ohio
Bowyer in Gloustershire
Price in Berkshire and Oxfordshire
Ward in Berkshire
Hammond, Reading and Littler in Essex