Archiver > BRETHREN > 2010-12 > 1292684905

From: "Roberta Estes" <>
Subject: Re: [BRE] Migration after snow? migration along rivers
Date: Sat, 18 Dec 2010 10:08:25 -0500
References: <>
In-Reply-To: <>

Hi Judy,

Having read some journals of those who traveled, I believe the "easier
travel" is relative to mud. In some of the journals I've read, mud was the
enemy and when the ground froze, it was hard and much easier to travel over
for both the horses and the wagons. So many got mired in the mud. They
used to cut trees and then planks to cover the muddy areas in some places.

Roberta Estes

-----Original Message-----
From: [mailto:]
On Behalf Of J.A. Florian
Sent: Saturday, December 18, 2010 9:51 AM
Subject: [BRE] Migration after snow? migration along rivers


I'm reading / transcribing biographies from other counties/States for
persons who once lived in Washington County, PA but migrated. I hope (as
one goal) to connect Brethren who migrated from New Jersey to SW PA and into

I'm trying to imagine their route, which is said that they followed the
Mahoning River by horseback on the first trip. One non-genealogy website
says: "*"The Mahoning River ....flows through five counties of eastern Ohio
(Columbiana, Stark, Portage, Mahoning, Trumbull) and one county in western
Pennsylvania (Lawrence)*. (See watershed map.) The Mahoning River joins
the Shenango River in western Pennsylvania to form the Beaver River which
flows into the Ohio River (see the US map). The "upper elevation of the
river"- Alliance to Leavittsburg-is the portion that is more rural and did
not experience heavy industrial use and is, therefore, not heavily
contaminated. The mainstem ("lower elevation") of the Mahoning
River-northwest of Warren to its confluence with Shenango River at
Mahoningtown, Pennsylvania (near New Castle)-was heavily contaminated by
household waste until 1965 and the numerous steel mills and manufacturing
plants that used the river as an "industrial sewer" for almost 100 years."

The people came from Washington County PA, possibly from the townships in
the Eastern part of Washington County PA, or nearest to The National Pike as
well as near to the river at Uniontown, Fayette County, PA. The eastern
townships had/has "Ten Mile Creek" which is deep enough for boats/canoes.

So first, I'm trying to find a map that would show all these waterways
clearly. Can you point me to such a map online?

Second, one of the major biographies about families from Washington County
PA states that the primay men, having already gone to Ohio and spent a
season planting, had returned to Washington County PA to get their
families. Then, the bio says:
"As soon as sufficient snow had fallen that winter to make traveling easy,
they started with their families for the new home on the Mahoning [River]."

I'm wondering if that sentence means that they wanted the ground hard enough
for wagon travel? Or, that winter brought higher water levels in the
smaller PA creeks that led to the major rivers in the area? Why would
"sufficient snow" make "traveling easy"? Snow isn't what we think of today
when we want an easier trip!

I'd appreciate any comments.

PS These bios include mostly Connecticut families. Don't know how many
German Baptists are included-- I haven't spotted any yet unless these LANE
families link to mine.

Coordinator of the Washington County PAGenWeb:

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