BRETHREN-L ArchivesArchiver > BRETHREN > 2001-08 > 0999312994
Subject: [BRE] Elder John Hendricks Sr.
Date: Fri, 31 Aug 2001 21:56:34 -0500
I wanted to share with the members my findings/theories on Elder John Hendricks (Sr.). Based on tax/land records, I'm pretty sure he ended his days in Bath County, Kentucky about 1821, near his probable son, Peter Hendricks, my direct ancestor. Elder John Hendricks (Jr.) is traced through tax and will record to Warren Co. Ky. where he died in or about 1814. Here is what I've found so far that appears (there is plenty of room for disagreement) to relate to the reknown Brethren preacher.
1. John Hendricks was born about 1740, probably in York County, Pennsylvania, to James and ( ? ) Hendricks. He married to Mary Catherine Welty. The name of his wife is in dispute. The bible of his son Daniel says Johns name was Mary Welty, daughter of Abraham Welty. Her name may have been Mary Welty but she could not have been Abrahams daughter. Another source, also somewhat incorrect, says his wifes name was Catherine Welty. John Hendricks was one of the leading preachers in the German Baptist Church, known as the Dunkards or The Brethren. He was a member of that sect in York County, their church being located on the Little Conewago River.
Sometime around 1755, Johns probable father James Hendricks moved to settle land he had been granted in Baltimore County, Maryland. John Hendricks moved back at some point to York County, just over the state line. In 1762, ten dissenting families of the Little Conewago Congregation left in a dispute over doctrine, going west over the mountains, which they were forbidden to do by English law. They settled in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. They resided in what was known as the Brothers Valley and began the Stony Creek Church. John Hendricks was elected to the ministry of the Stony Creek Church in 1764. That same year he was elected as its second elder. In 1765 John Hendricks moved to the New River settlement south of Roanoke in southern Virginia. [Cooper, "Two Centuries of the Brothersvalley" p.171]
In response to the need for an elder to minister to the growing Brethren population in North Carolina, in 1768 John Hendricks moved again, this time to Rowan County, North Carolina. These migrations were most likely due to his disagreements with the doctrine of the German Baptist faith, which forced him to leave one congregation after another. Many members followed him when he moved. His brand of preaching was known as "strange doctrine" and was part of a radical form of teaching known as "Universalism". Here he was reunited with his father and brothers about 1773, who came to Rowan County from Baltimore County, Maryland.
John Hendricks began making trips into Kentucky, in 1774, preaching to the few settlers living in that frontier wilderness. He continued these trips until 1794, going back and forth between what became Logan County, Kentucky in 1792 and the Yadkin Valley. [Cooper, "Two Centuries of the Brothersvalley" p.171] On August 5, 1778 in Rowan County, N.C., John Hendricks was cited as owning adjoining land to Adam Pealor on Weavers Creek in the Forks of the Yadkin. That same month John was listed in Captain Lyons District of the Forks of the Yadkin. He was taxed in the amount of 320 lbs. He refused that year to take the Oath of Allegience to the newly formed United States of America.
John Hendricks was listed as owning adjoining land in a deed recorded on November 28, 1778 by Benjamin Nivens, located on the North Fork of Pealors Creek. On January 30, 1779, John Hendricks improvement on Pealors Creek was entered upon by Mark Whitaker (who also entered upon the land of Johns brother Daniel that same day). This was a legal way of taking land away from "tories" like the Brethren, who refused to give allegience to the United States.
In 1780, John Hendricks "of North Carolina" ordained Squire Boone, brother of frontiersman Daniel Boone. [Cooper, "Two Centuries of the Brothersvalley" p.174] Since Squire Boone had founded Squire Boones Station where Shelbyville, Kentucky now stands in 1780, he was evidently ordained by Elder Hendricks in Kentucky. About 1782, John Hendricks, Gasper Roland, Joseph Roland, Abraham Welty and many other Brethren signed a petition on behalf of John Crouse, a Dunkard who was slow and ignorant and was about to lose his land on account of it. After the war, John Hendricks made a series of land transactions that are listed below:
August 8, 1789 John Hendricks inherited 4 town lots in Salisbury, Rowan County, North Carolina from his father.
May 13, 1790 John Hendricks Sr. of Rowan County, N.C. purchased from James McCulloh, 4 acres located on north side of Weavers Creek in forks of Yadkin.
December 5, 1792 John Hendricks granted 286 acres on the south fork of the Yadkin River. It was known as the Bear Garden plantation, being located on the Bear Creek.
February 4, 1796 John Hendricks sold to Peter Hendricks, 100 acres on Crane Creek for 110 lbs. Witness Joseph Roland.
June 2, 1798 " John Hendricks of Montgomery County, Ky." sold 4 lots in the town of Salisbury, N.C. to William Hendricks of Mecklenburg Co. N.C. Proved on August 16, 1799 by oath of Joseph Roland. Witnesses: Daniel Roland, Joseph Roland and John Welty. This deed said that they were "4 lots inherited from his father James, deceased".
June 28, 1798 John Hendrix Sr., a planter of Montgomery Co. Ky. Sold to John Fry of Rowan Co. N.C. 4 acres for 3 lbs. Witnesses: John March, Philip Hendrix.
June 28, 1798 John Hendricks Sr. of Montgomery Co. Kentucky sold to John Fry of Rowan Co. N.C. 286 acres on Peelers Creek for 137 lbs. Witnesses: Phillip Hendricks and John March.
In Rowan County, John Hendrix witnessed the will of Robert Berkley on February 5, 1788. On November 5, 1788, administration of the estate of James Hendricks, deceased was granted to John Hendricks and Joseph Roland, who gave 600 lb. Bond with Mathew Troy and John Wyunt, security. On February 5, 1790, John Hendricks and John March gave bond for Benjamin Hinkle and William Crouse to administer the estate of Michael Hinkle.
On June 21, 1792, John Hendricks witnessed the marriage of his son Jacob in Rowan County.
Researcher Stanley Kern found evidence in the Montgomery County, Kentucky courthouse that John Hendricks possessed a bond from John Fleming dated November 1788. The significance of this tie to John Fleming becomes apparent in the tax records of Montgomery County of 1807. In that tax roll, Peter Hendrix and Philip Hendrix, thought to be sons of Elder John Hendricks Sr., were taxed for land originally entered by J. Fleming. John Fleming did have 675 acres surveyed for him located on Hinkston Fork of Licking Creek, Fayette County, Kentucky, March 23, 1784. It was granted to him on March 10, 1806.
John Hendricks is listed as serving as Elder of the Drakes Creek Church in what was then Lincoln County, Kentucky, in 1790 (became Logan County in 1792). In 1794, John was a partner with Philip Hendricks, Joseph Moler and Jacob Welty in purchasing land in Clark County, Kentucky. These men were all listed together on p.171 of the 1790 Rowan County census. Joseph Moler was the husband of Elizabeth, daughter of Abraham and Mary Welty. Jacob was her brother. This was likely land near the Hingston Creek in what became Montgomery County, Kentucky. In 1790 the Brethren had formed the Hingston Creek Church, many Brethren from the Carolinas joining it.
After the Brethren Annual Meeting Committee waited on him in 1794 and spoke against the Universalist doctrine in the Carolinas, which was professed by David Martin and John Hendricks. In 1798 the Brethren Annual Meeting Committee placed "John H." of Carolina on ban, along with "all that are in union with him", due to his continued radical teachings on Restitutionalism and Univeralism.
As a result of this schism within the Brethren, many members of the Carolina church left to follow John Hendricks, who according to one account, was forced to flee to Kentucky. This cost the Brethren their churches in North Carolina. In the next 2 years, John sold all of his land in Rowan County, the last sale coming on June 28, 1798. On that deed he was identified as John Hendricks, planter of Montgomery County, Kentucky and sold 286 acres on Bear Creek to John Fry.
Less than two months after John Hendricks Sr. sold his land in Rowan County, Gasper Roland of Rowan County sold 308 acres to Kannon Brown as he also planned on relocating to Kentucky. John Hendricks is first found in the Montgomery County, Kentucky tax list of June 10, 1799, being taxed for 3 horses and no land.
Tax Records in Kentucky that may pertain to Elder John Hendricks Sr.
(Names of Hendricks enumerated the same date as John listed in parentheses)
March 26, 1794 Clark Co. Ky. John Hendricks(?), taxed for 2 horses, 9 head of cattle
June 29, 1799 Montgomery Co. Ky John Hendrix, taxed for 2 horses
June 30, 1800 Montgomery Co. Ky. John Hendrix, taxed for 3 horses (Joseph)
May 25, 1801 Montgomery Co. Ky. John Hendrix, taxed for 3 horses (Joseph)
1802 Montgomery Co. Ky. John Hendrix, taxed for 3 horses (Joseph)
1803-1805 No John Hendricks listed
July 1, 1806 Montgomery Co. Ky John Hendrix, taxed for 1 horse (Philip, Joseph)
June 14, 1807 Montgomery Co. Ky. John Hendrix taxed for 1 horse
1808-1809 No John Hendricks listed
1810 Montgomery Co. Ky. John Hendrix, taxed for 2 horses (Peter, Philip)
1811 No John Hendricks listed
May 31, 1812 Bath Co. Ky. John Hendrix taxed for 2 horses (Peter)
May 21, 1813 Bath Co. Ky. John Hendricks taxed for 2 horses (Peter, Philip, Anthony)
1.. Bath Co. Ky. John Hendricks taxed for 2 horses (Anthony, Peter, Philip)
2.. Bath Co. Ky. John Hendricks (owned no horses) (Peter, Philip)
3.. Bath Co. Ky. John Hendrix, taxed for 3 horses (Peter, Philip)
4.. Bath Co. Ky. John Hendrix, taxed for 4 horses (Peter, Philip)
5.. Bath Co. Ky. John Hendrakes, taxed for 3 horses (Peter)
6.. Bath Co. Ky. No John Hendricks listed
1.. Bath Co. Ky. John Hendrix, listed but no property and not listed as a poll. (Peter, Lewis)
He served as minister of the East Union Church in what is now Nicholas County, Kentucky. A man named John Hendricks is listed on the Montgomery County tax lists of 1806-1807, 1810, 1812-18 and 1821. It appears he died in 1821 or 1822. He owned no land during these years.
8. i. John Hendricks Jr. b.ca.1763 d.1814
9. ii. Philip Hendricks b.ca.1766 d.ca.1822
10. iii. Jacob Hendricks b.11-11-1768 d.1837
11. iv. Peter Hendricks b.12-12-1771 d.
12. v. Daniel Hendricks b.9-1-1773 d.1823