BRETHREN-L ArchivesArchiver > BRETHREN > 2000-04 > 0956931454
From: Cathy Martin <>
Subject: Slavery and Brethren
Date: Fri, 28 Apr 2000 10:17:34 -0400
I would be tremendously grateful if the folks who contributed to the
e-mail discussion below would contact me. Also, if others have
information on this subject, I would be grateful to hear from you, too.
This is in regard to a writing project I am working on.
Thank you very much.
I wrote my Ph.D. thesis on antislavery activity in Virginia, 1831-1861.
well as I remember -- my copy is now loaned out to a friend -- Elder John
Klein of Rockingham County -- spoke out against slavery on occasion.
ca 1832 an antislavery tract in a Virginia version of German was
in the Shenandoah Valley. I'm sorry to be so vague -- but it's been more
than 30 years since I did this. I'll try to retrieve my copy soon and
what I have. I do recall that my grandmother's uncle Benjamin Franklin
Moomaw of Bonsack (southern Botetourt County, VA) wrote a number of
to the American Colonization Society, probably in the 1850s. I've got a
brief synopsis of all Virginia correspondence with the society and I can
also dig that out. But right now I'm trying to get some brief family
histories done for one of those county heritage commercial ventures.
are due this Monday so I can't do much till that's done.
Patricia Prickett Hickin
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Sunday, March 19, 2000 6:32 PM
Subject: SLAVERY & Brethren
> Brethren Encyclopedia says "The Brethren rejected both slavery and the
> abolition societies." Christopher Sauer II attacked the slave trade
> early as 1761 in his newspaper. "A letter from Johann van Laschet in
> to the Brethren at Germantown reflects a long-standing opposition to
> slave-owning by the Brethren." Apparently Annual Meeting minnutes of
> deal with the topic. "Repeatedly, Annual meeting denied the
> owning slaves and insisted that any Brethren holding them must set them
> in order to be a member in good standing (1797-1865). While generally
> keeping their distance from the active abolitionist societies &
> railroad, BE says, "Descendants of JOHN PRICE living in the Pottstown
> provided emrgency aid, including clothing, for the escaping slaves, as
> the FLORY family in Ohio.
> Annual meeting in 1851 permitted Brethren to contribute to the American
> Colonization Society (which was formed in 1817 to resettle free blacks
> Africa or elsewhere, proposing to provide a place to which freed slaves
> emigrate, such as Liberia). Brethren could contribute but not join.
> Annual Meeting requiredi any slaveholder wishing to join the Brethren
> compensate his freed slaves for labor performed after they became
> thus allowing blacks to emigrate to freedom.
> Elder Samuel Weir of Botecourt Co., VA, born in 1812, was sold as a
> Mr. and Mrs. Andrew McClure at the age of 12, serving them until he was
> nearly 30, when the McClures converted to Brethrenism and freed him.
> was baptized into the Brethren in 1843, the first black member received
> the church in that part of Virginia. Because liberated slaves in
> were liable to be sold again into slavery, the Brethren in Virginia
> it was urgent to move him to Ohio, which was done that same year.
> I would be interested in the difference in approach between Friends
> were actively involved with the Underground Railroad) and the Brethren,
> seem to have had a different approach.
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|Slavery and Brethren by Cathy Martin <>|