Archiver > BRETHREN > 1997-10 > 0876098956

From: Richard M. Judy< >
Subject: Re: Brethren Groups
Date: Sun, 5 Oct 1997 20:49:16 -0400

Linda and others, Below the URL is the first draft of my denominational
review. Please, check the site out too.

It has been a while since someone has shared a review of the group names
that pop-up on the list. This is not meant to discourage cross
questioning because someone recently said that we Germans inter-marry
with other German groups.
A. Moravians/Moravian Brethren/Unitas Fratrum or Unity of Brethren
1. Originally established pre Luther among the Czech
people by John Hus re-established by Count Nicholas von
Zinzendorf in early 1700's as part of the movement called
pietism. U.S. centers are Bethlehem PA & Winston-Salem NC
B.Schwartzenau Brethren
1. 1708, Schwartzenau Germany established by Alexander
Mack et al.
2. a few of the divisions are:
a. three way in 1881-1882,
Old German Baptist Brethren (OGBB)
Conservative Brethren
later Church of the Brethren (COB)
Progressive Brethren
later The Brethren Church (BC)
b. OGBB has had some division including a couple
groups which still use buggies. Maybe someone
who knows these groups can clarify.
c. BC had a division which is known
as the Grace Brethren (GB)
d. COB had a division in the 1920's which is known
as the Dunkard Brethren (DB)
e. other small divisions before and since 1881-2
have occurred for a variety of reasons.
C. United Brethren/Church of the United Brethren
1. Pietist movement in the mid to late 1700's among German
speaking folk in Pennsylvania influenced by John Wesley
2. Division in late 1800's Old Constitution vs. New
a. Old Constitution group led by Bishop Wright who
was the father of Wilbur and Orville(see book
"The Bishop's Boys") Church of the United
Brethren continues with headquarters and
college in Huntington,IN.
b. New Constitution group later merged with the
Evangelical Church(another pietist German
group) to form the Evangelical United Brethren
EUB, then in 1968 merged with the Methidists.
D. River Brethren/Old Order River Brethren/Brethren in Christ/United
Zion/Yorker Brethren
1. Began in late 1700's in a revival movement in eastern
PA with connections to Anabaptist/Mennonite and
Pietist/Schwartzenau Brethren groups
2. In Canada the were known as Tunkers
3. The Brethren in Christ were heavily influenced by the
holiness movement of the late 1800's. They have a college,
Messiah, at Grantham,PA
see "Quest for Piety and Obedience-The Story of the Brethren
in Christ", Carlton O. Wittlinger,Evangel Press,
E. Plymouth Brethren
1. a group begun in England by John Darby with little if
any similarity to any of the groups mentioned above.

Added to the complexity of the groups is that all of the above would
refer to themselves as "the Brethren."

I hope that someone may find this helpful. Please make additions and
corrections as I am not a professional and am doing this basically from

Dunker Springhaus Ministries
"The God who is gracious enough to forgive your sins is powerful enough
to change you." Philip Jacob Spener

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