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Archiver > ARIZARD > 2007-08 > 1187748041

From: "candyandrick" <>
Subject: Re: [ARIZARD] Trail of Tears
Date: Tue, 21 Aug 2007 21:00:41 -0500 (Central Daylight Time)
References: <BAY117-F266BBEB6B90D31198C3D00DEDB0@phx.gbl><003101c7e341$a3be8520$85a78ed1@cen42054>

You are 100% right about folks up there keeping their Indian blood quiet for
fear of being moved (also for fear of what we now call discrimination). My
great grandmother, Dora Clem Lawrence, wife of John Martin Lawrence, was
reportedly either 1/4th or 1/2 Indian, presumably Cherokee but no one knows
for sure. It is for that reason I had feathers put on her headstone I
placed on her unmarked grave a couple of years ago. Her mother, Martha
Hardin Clem was adopted by a white family around the time of the Trail of
Tears. My father told me that the Lawrence's did not claim their Indian
blood as they were afraid they would loose their home and then later did not
sign up for a roll number as they did not want a hand-out or have the gov't
know they were Indians. Someone in the family told him this when he was

Rick Lawrence - Tulsa

-------Original Message-------

From: Betty BB
Date: 8/21/2007 1:55:46 PM
Subject: Re: [ARIZARD] Trail of Tears

I will add my two cents worth on this Indian story. Like Bernie's Will
Rogers saying, " I have a Little Indian Blood in me also, sooooo.

On land that is now Izard and Stone County The Shawnee Indians did live.
The government moved them to the Cherokee grant land ,on the White River,
( the Stone County Side) about 1818 or 1819. Colonel Lewis was their Chief.

In the Treaty of 1828 they moved to the created Indian Territory west of the

AK border.

At that time the now Stone County land, west of the White River, was
Surveyed and White families moved on to the land.

I don't believe there were Indian Village at Sylamore in the 1850's. I'm
Not saying there was no Indian people living in Izard and Stone County after

1828, my gggrandmother is said to be full blood Cherokee and she lived in
Izard Co until she died in 1860's, but if you were of Indian blood you keep
It quite or you were moved to OK. A lot of Indians were inter -married
With Whites and stayed in the area.. Most had married before moving the
This area around 1820. It took a long time for people in AR to start
Claining their Indian Heritage again.

The Trail of Tears happened about 1838 and if I remember what I have read on

This, there were about 10 or more bands moved. They were moved in groups
Of about 1000 by US Soldiers. Several came through AR and some came by way
Of the TN River and then crossed the Mississippi up by KY and came through

The story goes that Wiseman got it's name from one of the Soldiers moving
The Indians. He like the area so much when they came through he came back
Later and settle there, hence the name Wiseman.

The old Military Road does go through Franklin, on up South of Oxford and
Then North of Pineville and on to the Norfork area. It is believed and
Passed down through oral history that this is one of the trails that was
Used to move the Cherokee from AL to OK.

On Indians being drowned south on Norfork on the Norfork River. I have
Never heard this story and if it is South of Norfork it would be the White
River. The Norfork runs into the White at Norfork and then it would be
North of this point, up into MO. I would think it would be mention in some
Of the writing of the area if it happened. I didn't understand, from the
Story, what date the drowning were to have happened . I'm wondering if
It was a story from the time the Shawnee lived in the area. I not saying it
Didn't happen but even though I'm not from MO I need more proff.

As to Jacob Wolf being a Indian Agent, no records to date have been found
Confirming this. Matthew Adams was appointed a government agent in
1803,while still in KY, and the Adams and Wolf Families all move to the
Izard CO area around 1819. It is possible Jacob may have had a trading post
On the Stone County side , for the Shawnee Indians, when he first move to
The area. He was not list in the 1820 census, so it is thought he lived on
The Stone County side ( Indian Territory) and was therefore not listed in
The census as was his father and other family members.

When the Wolf House was restored a few years back extensive research was
Done on the history of Jacob Wolf and the area . I would recommend this
Book, Historic Structure Report of the Jacob Wolf House, if you are interest

In the Norfolk area, including the Wolf, Adams and related families and
Other history. They have a copy of the book at the Baxter CO. Library and
Information on how to order it if you would like a copy.

As a descendant of the Wolf and Adams family and other Norfork families, if
Anyone has new information on them or the area I would welcome the
Information to add to my records.

Betty BB

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