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From: "Joy Rich" <>
Subject: Re: [APG] Use of conference CDs - Sound Recordings and Phonorecords
Date: Sun, 23 Apr 2006 13:44:18 -0400


Lynne's point is made at http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ1.html#fnp:

"Sound recordings are defined in the law as "works that result from the fixation of a series of musical,
spoken, or other sounds, but not including the sounds accompanying a motion picture or other audiovisual
work." Common examples include recordings of music, drama, or lectures.

"A sound recording is not the same as a phonorecord. A phonorecord is the physical object in which works of
authorship are embodied. The word "phonorecord" includes cassette tapes, CDs, LPs, 45 r. p. m. disks, as well
as other formats."

The sound recording is the work itself, the content; the phonorecord is just the carrier of the content.

Joy Rich


<From: "Lynne Darrouzet" < >
Subject: RE: [APG] Use of conference CDs: No sympathy
Date: Sun, 23 Apr 2006 10:45:05 -0500

The copyright act also requires originality on the part of the author to
have a copyright. I fail to see the originality in recording someone else's
extemporaneous remarks.>
<snip>


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