Archiver > AMERICAN-REVOLUTION > 2003-07 > 1059053200

From: "Elvin Birth" <>
Subject: [A-REV] July 24, 1779
Date: Thu, 24 Jul 2003 09:26:40 -0400

Headquarters is abuzz today -- new supplies in hand!
Historians will take great delight in the eye witness (or camp gossip)
accounts of the number of boats arriving from Sunbury.

Head Quarters, Wyoming,
"The army to be in readiness to march on Wednesday morning. The
Commissaries and Quarters to have everything in their department in perfect
readiness, as no excuse will be admitted for delay.
The public horses of the whole army without any exception to be collected
and assembled at the ferry on the west side the river on Tuesday morning at
9 o'clock where an officer with a proper detachment from each brigade will
attend to receive the horses assigned them respectively. It is expected that
all the staff and all officers of whatever denomination who have public
horses will turn them in, at the time and before mentioned. Those who
neglect to do it may expect to have theirs taken from them and be obliged to
perform their duty on foot during the residue of the Campaign. The officers
entitled to horses are all directed to attend in order to receive their
horses which are to be taken out in the following manner, viz:
Two horses to be chosen for the Commander-in-Chief, two for Gen. Maxwell,
two for Gen. Poor, and two for Gen. Hand, then two for Gen. Clinton, one for
Col. Procter, one for the Adjutant General, one for the Quarter Master
General, then one for the secretary and each of the Aid-de-Camps of the
Brig. General and Brigade Majors, then one for each Colonel according to
rank, then one to each Lieut. Colonel according to rank and to the Majors in
the same manner, then one for the Surgeon General, then the Commissary
General, then the Adjutants of each regiment, then Captains of the
Artillery, then the Surgeons of the hospital, then Brigade Quarter Masters
and Brigade Commissaries, then the Surgeons and Chaplains of the army, then
such other of the staff as are entitled to horses, all officers of the line
except those before mentioned are positively forbidden to ride as their
place will be constantly with their platoons and divisions.
After the above distribution has taken place and twenty pack horses are
selected for the Commander-in-Chief, the residue are to be distributed
according to quality to Gens. Maxwell, Poor, Hand and Col. Procter in the
manner as following, viz:
To Gen. Maxwell - 300.
To Gen. Poor - 300.
To Gen. Hand - 200.
To Col. Procter - 100.

The rest of the horses to be employed in carrying the public stores of
the army, the horses assigned to the brigades and corps to be furnished with
pack horse men from the several corps to which they are assigned, and as the
horses assigned to the several corps cannot all be employed between this and
Tioga in carrying stores for their respective corps, they are to be located
with the public stores of the army.
The commanding officers will appoint conductors to them who will apply to
the Quarter Master and Commissary for slings, straps and halters, and every
other thing necessary for their horses and take their loading on Tuesday
afternoon, so as to be ready to move on Wednesday morning, the Quarter
Master will see that a proper number of pack horses are assigned to the
staff and together with the Commissary of Provisions and Military Stores
will cause that every thing be properly collected and arranged against
Wednesday morning.
Col. Band will see that all the horses are collected by the time prefixed
for distribution.
The Commissary will have the cattle so disposed on Tuesday night that
they might be ready to move on Wednesday morning. The Commissary, Quarter
Master and Commissary of Military Stores will call upon the Adjutant General
for such parties as may be necessary to carry their orders into execution.
Col. Bond will assign the pack horses [which] he has procured and such
horses as are not assigned to Corps.
Gen. Poor's Brigade will move early on Tuesday morning to this post after
which all the wagons belonging to the army will be sent to the front and
left in charge of Col. Butler, the wagon horses will be turned in to serve
as batt and pack horses and the wagons are to be employed as pack horse men.
Two captains, six subalterns and one hundred men of those least able to
endure a march to be draughted [drafted] for this garrison and put under the
command of Col. Butler.
The Commander-in-Chief returns his thanks to Gen. Hand, Major Conway and
Capt. Rice & Procter, Cummings & Meade & and the officers and soldiers under
their command for their great exertions in bringing forward the stores of
the army with such expedition and thereby giving such striking evidence of
their orders in the cause of their country, as well as zeal for the present
expedition, the care and attention and activity of Commis'y steel
[Commissary Stores] in procuring and forwarding supplies for the army afford
the most flattering prospect of what the army may expect from a man of his
assiduity and at the same time demands the General's most grateful
The Order of March from hence to Tioga will be in the orders tomorrow.
Gens. Maxwell, Poor and Hand are appointed to settle the rank of Lieuts.
Munday, Freily and Hardenberg of Col. Cortland's Regiment. They are to meet
for this purpose at Gen. Poor's Quarters on Monday morning at 9 o'clock.
The Company of Light Horses of Col. Hubley's Regiment to be immediately
dismounted, their arms and accouterments to be delivered to the Commissary
of Military Stores, and their horses to the Quarter Master. They are to join
their respective companies and do duty as Infantry.
The Quarter Master and others who have in possession any military stores
are to deliver them this day to Capt. Topham, the Commissary of Military
Stores, who is to make a return of all the military stores to the
Commander-in-Chief by 10 o'clock tomorrow morning. The officers commanding
corps to make returns of arms, accouterments and ammunition wanted for their
troops against Monday ten o'clock forenoon.
The party of the German Battalion tried by a special court martial of
which Brigadier Gen. Poor is president for mutiny and desertion were found
guilty of the charge and sentenced as follows, viz:
Joseph Alexander, Frederick Kerls, Jacob Bottomer, Philip Cook and Georg
Ottenberger to be shot to death.
Frederick Mosser, Frederick Sipperil, Corporals, to be reduced to the
ranks and run the gauntlet through Gen. Maxwell's, Gen. Hand's Brigade and
Col. Proctor's Regiment. All the rest to run the gauntlet as above.
The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentences and orders them executed on
Monday next at four o'clock in the afternoon.
Lieut. Col. Forrest's camp equipage to be sold at five o'clock this
afternoon in front of the park."

Saturday July 24, 1779 diary entries:

William Barton, Lieutenant, 1st NJ, Wyoming, "The boats arrived from Sunbury
with stores, in number about one hundred and seventeen."
Erkuries Beatty, Lieutenant, 4th PA, Lake Otsego, "To day we heard that 563
of the Enemy was taken at Ver Plancks point on the North River likewise one
man was Released from the guard house."
Henry Dearborn, Lieutenant Colonel, 3rd NH, Forty Fort, "Came home with few
fish 70 boats ariv'd from Sunsbury with provisions and stores to day."
Dr. Ebenezer Elmer, Surgeon, 2nd NJ, "After seeing the boats all safe over
the falls in the morning we set out for camp. Halted & dined at the flats &
then after fording the river went into Camp. The Genl. returned his thanks
in Genl. orders to the officers & soldiers who were employed in forwarding
up the Stores, and gave orders for preparing to march on Wednesday next."
George Grant, Sergeant Major, 3rd NJ, "Arrived a fleet consisting of 134
Boats loaded with provisions of all kinds; on the arrival, they fired 13
Cannon, and were saluted by a like number from the Garrison."
Daniel Livermore, Captain, 3rd NH, "This day I set out for Easton. Nothing
remarkable happens this day."
William McKendry, Lieutenant, 6th MA, Lake Otsego, "Serjt, Spears whipt. 100
lashes one soldier more 100 lashes with him-- three men sentenced to be shot
by the same Genl. Court Martial Monday next."
James Norris, Major, 3rd NH, Forty Fort, "Genl Hand arrived at Wyoming from
Sunsbury with 70 boats laden with provisions for our Expedition--"
Thomas Roberts, Sergeant, 2nd NJ, "the Stores arived With one hundred and
Fifty Boates for our Armey at theare Return theare was 26 Rounds of Cannon
fiered 13 from the Boates and 13 from the Camp theas Boates had 4 - 3
pounders and one howet that threw Bums for thear Securety on the River."
Rev. William Rogers, D. D., Chaplain, Hand's Brigade, reports "one hundred
and twelve loaded boats" and the continuing saga of the German deserters at:
Samuel M Shute, Lieutenant, 2nd NJ, "Returned and got to Shawney flatts
about (two) ten P. M. when we got two fine pigs barbecued, eat them, took
another buck dance & retired to camp about four."
Nathaniel Webb, Sergeant, 2nd NY, Forty Fort, "200 boats arrived with
stores, at which time 30 cannon were fired from the park."

Excerpted from, "Conover, George S., compiler, JOURNALS OF THE EXPEDITION OF
1778-1887; (Auburn, NY: Knapp, Peck & Thompson., 1887), Facsimile reprint
(Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 2000)" or from:
"Donna Bluemink, Transcriptionist, MILITARY: REV WAR: ORDERLY BOOK. GEN.
; ; Available April 5, 2003 at:

Elvin Birth, born at 41.230744, -76.258502, NAD27 a while back.
Now greeting each new day at <>;

This thread: