AMERICAN-REVOLUTION-L ArchivesArchiver > AMERICAN-REVOLUTION > 2003-07 > 1058035088
From: "Rhonda Houston" <>
Subject: [AMER-REV] During the American Revolution, conerning St. Louis and the upper Mississippi valley
Date: Sat, 12 Jul 2003 13:38:17 -0500
Look at the surnames within all of the urls below!! Rhonda Houston
Important Dates of Upper Louisiana
1673 Jesuit Priest, Jacques Marquette and companion, Louis Joliet explore
1675 Father Marquette established first mission (Immaculate Conception)
near Starved Rock, Illinois.
1682 Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle explores Mississippi valley and
names area "Louisiana".
1698 Jean Francois St. Cosme gives Mass at future site of St. Louis.
1699 Mission and village at Cahokia founded. (Illinois)
1700 First European sponsored settlement founded by Father Marest at River
Des Peres, Missouri
1703 River Des Peres settlement abandoned.
1703 Kaskaskia founded (Indian village and subsequent French community)
1720 Fort de Chartres established. (Illinois)
1723 Village and church at St. Philippe founded by Philippe Francois
1732-1734 Ste. Genevieve founded (Missouri)
1734 Prairie du Rocher founded. (Illinois)
1764 St. Louis founded (Missouri)
1765 Portage des Sioux founded by Francois Saucier (Missouri)
1765 British take over control of Ft. de Chartres (east of the Mississippi)
from French authority.
1767 Carondelet ("Delor's Village" or "Vide Poche") (Missouri)
1767 Announcement arrives that Spain will take possession of Louisiana from
1768 "Les Petites Cotes" also named St. Charles ("San Carlos de Misuri")
1768 (Aug. 11) Spanish Capt. Francisco Rui takes military possession of
Upper Louisiana at St. Louis. Ft. Don Carlos is built on the south bank of
the Missouri River at its mouth with the Mississippi (garrisoned with seven
soldiers). Seventeen additional soldiers arrive in St. Louis.
1770 (May) Spanish Lt. Gov. Don Pedro Piernas arrives in St. Louis.
1772 Friar Valentine Neufchateau arrived in St. Louis as military Chaplain
of the Spanish garrison.
1780 Ft. Don Carlos on the Missouri River abandoned. (April) Work begins on
fortifications at St. Louis, including the stone tower, "Ft. San Carlos".
1780 (May 25/26) St. Louis, with fortifications incomplete, is attacked by a
large force of British and Indians, that was successfully repulsed with high
1781 (Feb 12) Spanish forces (local militia with Indian allies) from St.
Louis counter-attack and destroy British fort at St. Joseph (Michigan).
1786 St. Ferdinand de Florissant (Missouri) (settlement began in 1785)
1794 Marais des Liards "Village a Robert" (Bridgeton, Mo.) founded by Robert
1795 Ft. Carondelet completed by Auguste Chouteau (350 miles SW of St.
Louis) Trading Post.
1800 Treaty of St. Ildefonso. Spanish returns Louisiana to France (Upper
Louisiana remains administered by Spanish)
1803 U.S. Purchases Louisiana Territory from France.
1804 (March 10) Territory transfered to United States.
1804 (October 16) Spanish Governor and Troops depart St. Louis.
San Luis de Ilinueses Militia
Spanish Colonial Militia of St. Louis
San Luis de Ilinueses, December 22, 1780
Information listed in the following order:
Rank; Name; Age; Birthplace; Occupation
During the American Revolution, when Spain was allied with the Americans,
St. Louis came under a combined attack by British-Indian forces (May 26,
1780), numbering up to 1,200. Spanish Lt. Governor Fernando De Leyba,
successfully defended the town after it came under seige. De Leyba had
earlier received reinforcements (militia and regulars) from nearby Ste.
Genevieve as well as requesting fur trappers as far away as Cuivre River to
come to the defense of St. Louis. The town was protected with cannons, a
tower, and entrenchments. The most heavily fortified portion was the stone
tower known as "Fort San Carlos" The approximately three to four hundred
St. Louis defenders, that included whites and slaves, successfully repulsed
the attack with light losses: twenty killed, seven wounded, and anywhere
from twenty-six to seventy were captured.
In the records in St. Louis' Old Cathedral reads, "On the 26th of May 1780,
I Capuchin Priest and missionary, have buried in the cemetery of this parish
the bodies of Charles Bizet, Amable Guion, Calve and son and a negro
Chancelier massacred by the Indians...F. Bernard, Missionary."
Read more of the Spanish account of the attack on St. Louis. Also a map
showing the City's fortifications during what was the only Revolutionary War
battle fought West of the Mississippi.
The May 26, 1780 Attack on St. Louis ("Battle of Ft. San Carlos")
The Colonial Militia of St. Louis
The roster of the forgotten patriots of the San Luis de Ilinueses Militia
(Spanish Colonial Militia of St. Louis, Missouri ) that helped defend St.
Louis and the upper Mississippi valley from British domination. Primarily
Frenchman, however, with names Hispanized (translated into Spanish):
Roster and Genealogical Notes of Company One, San Luis de Ilinueses Militia
Roster and Notes of Company Two, San Luis de Ilinueses Militia
Regular Troops, Sailors, Workmen Stationed at Ft. Don Carlos, St. Louis