1776-L ArchivesArchiver > 1776 > 2004-07 > 1090705153
From: "RC Brooks" <>
Subject: Re:  Lord Cornwallis
Date: Sat, 24 Jul 2004 17:40:10 -0400
The troops surrendering with Cornwallis's army were as follows.
POWs sent to Winchester VA
205 23d Regiment (Royal Welsh Fuzileers)
307 43d Regiment
625 76th Regiment (McDonnell's Highlanders)
948 2 Battalions of Anspach (2 Regiments [von Voit's & von Seybothen's] of hired Germans from Anspach-Bayreuth)
248 Queen's Rangers (Provincial/Loyalist troops)
Total = 3029
POWs sent to Fort Frederick, MD
594 Light Infantry
205 17th Regiment
225 33d Regiment (Cornwallis's regiment)
242 71st Regiment (Fraser's Highlanders)
588 80th Regiment (Royal Edinborough Volunteers)
425 Prince Hereditary (Regiment Erbprinz of hired Germans from Hesse-Cassel)
271 Reg't de Bose (Regiment von Bose of hired Germans from Hesse-Cassel)
68 Yagers (hired German Jägers, probably from Ansbach-Bayreuth, possibly from Hesse-Cassel)
192 British Legion (Provincial/Loyalist troops)
114 North Carolina Volunteers (Provincial/Loyalist troops)
Total = 2924
As for muster rolls, I would expect you would find muster rolls for the Artillery, Guards, 17th, 23d, 33d, and 43d Regiments preserved in the Public Records Office in Kew, near London as these regiments were established before the RevWar and remained on the establishment after the RevWar. The muster rolls would be the War Office 12 series [WO 12/xxxx, except for the Artillery which, if memory serves, is WO 10/xxxx]. The Guards were a composie unit made up from the 1st Regiment of Foot-Guards, the Coldstream Regiment of Foot-Guards, and the 3rd Regiment of Foot-Guards.
I would not expect you to find muster rolls for the Light Infantry, 71st, 76th, and 80th Regiments. The latter three regiments were established in Oct 1775 (71st) or Dec 1777 (76th & 80th) and were disbanded in 1783 or 1784. As a result, few, if any muster rolls have survived. The Light Infantry were composite battalions made up of the light infantry companies stripped from the regiments of foot. I would have to do additional research to identify the light infantry companies involved here. Once identified, if the parent regiment is numbered 70 or lower, you have a pretty good chance of finding a muster roll. If the parent regiment is numbered 71 or higher, then there not much hope as those regiments serving in America were disbanded at the end of the war.
As for the Provincial Troops, the best place to start is with the Ward Chipman papers in the National Archives of Canada. They have been microfilmed and the film can be borrowed via interinstitutional loan.
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Saturday, July 24, 2004 2:38 PM
Subject:  Lord Cornwallis
Are there any Cornwallis experts that can reccomend any refrences for me to read to get a better understanding of his entry on American soil, his battles, then ultimately his defeat? My grandfather was supposedly in one of his units... Need to track down his muster lists as well. Thanks for anyones help in advance....
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